AGLC: Hints and Clarifications

We have identified here a number issues to be taken into consideration when using the AGLC style in ComWriter.


Legal Cases: 

  • Reported Cases: If the case name is included in the text in full, then add the rest of the citation to the footnote manually
  • Unreported decisions: If there is no case number, the decision follows the citation for 'Decision without a Medium Neutral Citation'
  • Arbitrations: If forum name is omitted, arbitrator names will be used.
  • Arbitrations: Reported arbitration citations cannot be automatically appended before the pinpoint. Add these footnotes manually. 
  • Transcript of proceedings: If a Higher Court has been added, the note will reflect that
  • Submission: If the proceedings number has been omitted, it will not appear


Book edition

  • Edition: examples include '3rd', '2nd revised', 'revised'
  • First published: this is the year of the original publication, e.g., 1945, and appears in edition output as 'first published 1945, YearPublished ed'' (Year published is the year related to your citation) 
  • Publication year spans: currently we do not support this feature; it is recommended that you use the last year as the Year Published 



  • Currently we only support page numbers; i.e., we do not support footnote numbers, paragraph numbers, heading numbers. You can add this information into the 'suffix'. When you insert a footnote, you can customise a footnote reference it in a number of ways (tick to include Author names in the text, add a prefix, add a suffix).
    • Do not click, author name in text, as references in footnotes always include the author details
    • Do not use the prefix, add any commentary you require into the footnote before you add the reference (see introductory signals below)
    • Add pertinent pinpoint information into the suffix; for example:
      • Page span: 431-2 (see rule 1)
      • Paragraph span: [57]-[63] see rule 2)
      • Page & paragraph: 312-13 [15]-[18] (see rule 1 & 2)
      • Footnote span with page : 466 nn 7-8 (see rule 1 & 3)
      • Footnote span with paragraph: [88] nn 113-14 (see rule 2 & 3)
      • Footnote span, with page, & paragraph: 23 [40] nn 22-3 (see rule 1, 2 & 3)
      • Page and section: 312 s 18
    • Some rules:
      1. Pages: second  page number is shortened [currently we do not support this, but you can manage this manually by only adding the relevant last number]
      2. Paragraphs: do not shorten the second footnote number
      3. Footnotes: second footnote number is shortened
      4. Year: Second number is shortened (1986-87 when it is the same century, otherwise detail it in full 1999-2009)
      5. Date: Always detail in full; e.g.,
        1. 21-22 September
        2. 17 July - 19 August
        3. 1 January - 29 February 1996 
        4. 22 March 1946 - 27 August 1947
      6. Decades: 1970s [Not: 1970's, or 70's], 21st Century

Introductory signals in a footnote

  • See (The source provides qualified support for the proposition in the text)
  • See, e.g., (The source is one of several authorities supporting the proposition)
  • See also (The source provides additional or general support for the proposition in the text)
  • See especially (The source is the strongest of several authorities supporting the proposition in the text)
  • See generally (The source provides background information on the topic discussed in the text)
  • Cf (The source provides a useful contrast to illustrate the proposition in the text. 'Cf' means 'compare')
  • But see The source is in partial disagreement with the proposition in the text)
  • Contra (The source directly contradicts the proposition in the text)



  • Mr, Mrs, Hon, Dr may be used in discursive text, but is not included in citations
  • Peerage (Sir, Dame, Lord, Baroness, Earl, Viscount) should be included in discursive text and in citations. We recommend including the title as the first name (AGLC requires the full name to be detailed so it will come out correctly). 
  • Postnominals (e.g., AM, LLB, should not be used discursively in text or in citations)


Subsequent references

  • Ibid. is included for consecutive references in footnotes (when the pinpoint is the same, or different); except when there are multiple resources in the footnote. If you are repeating the entire footnote (with multiple references), manually type Ibid into your footnote entry
  • If you repeat a resource in the same footnote, manually enter the details for the second entry; e.g.: 
    • (Ref) Blackshield notes a failed 'attempt to confine the scope of s 51(xx): at 1137. [Where Blackshield is the first reference, and 1137 is the pinpoint]
    • (Ref)(Ref) Blackshield notes a failed 'attempt to confine the scope of s 51(xx): at 1137. Lynch and Williams argue that the Commonwealth nevertheless has 'inadequate powers to fully regulate industrial relations': Lynch and Williams, above n 378, 397 [Where Lynch and Williams is the first reference, 378 is the current footnote number, and 397 is the pinpoint]
  • Subsequent citations: currently, we cannot modify the reference to use the surname only. Add the details manually into the footnote.
  • Cross-referencing to an earlier footnote: we do not support this feature yet.


Under development

There are several features required to fully support AGLC that are under development. They include:

  • Table of Authorities: Currently we cannot generate a TOA, only a full bibliography or reference list. It is recommended that you output your bibliography to Word, and generate the TOA there.
  • Page span shortening
  • Ability to italicise words in a title when adding a reference 
  • Inserting a quote into a footnote
  • The use of en-dash, em-dash instead of hyphens
  • Upper and lower caps for headings
  • The use of suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd 4th, and so on
  • Cross-referencing to a previous footnote number
  • Replacing the full name with the LastName on subsequent references



  • Sample of reference list (as at 25-Aug-2014)
  • Sample footnote entries (as at 25-Aug-2014)
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