Journal Material

A Journal is a collection of articles published in a bound volume or found online. Journal articles are, generally, academic in nature. 


Mandatory data

  • Article title
  • Journal name
  • Contributor (see below)
  • Publication identifiers:
    • Year published
    • Date accessed (if sourced online or from a database)
    • Volume or Issue *
    • Pages from / to
  • Source (see below)


* A journal can have a volume only, a volume and issue, or it might have a month or season as the volume name (e.g., July or Spring). See examples of output below.



The people (or organizations) that have written the piece of work. 

  • Author
  • Editor
  • Reviewer
  • Translator

If you do not know a contributor's name you should leave it blank.  

Format Description Contributor  Optional data
Abstract in journal A short summary of an article.



Book review in journal A written review of a book that is published in the journal.


Author or Editor of the Book

Book title

Editorial in journal A short article published in the journal; often by the Journal editor about the content of the current issue/volume.



Journal article The primary articles that comprise a 'journal'.



Letter in journal A letter published in the journal (e.g., a letter to the editor).



Monograph in journal A written study or lengthy piece on a special subject.



Special issue of a journal An entire journal dedicated to a special topic. Often there is an invited editor for this issue.

Editor of the issue


Special section of journal A section of the journal dedicated to a special feature or topic.

Editor of the section

Special issue title 

Supplemental journal material Additional material that can accompany a journal article or other nonroutine information.

Author of the material



Mandatory data; if available

See the table for other data that are required for each format.


Optional data

This data is always wise to enter:

  • Descriptors:
    • Article short title (as an alternative to the article name)
    • Journal abbreviation (if known)
  • Notes:
    • Abstract

All other data fields are optional, but it is always wise to add as much as you can at the time you first add the reference as it can often be difficult to find the data at a later date.



Where someone can find a copy of the article.

  • Hardcopy (softcover or hardcover) usually found in a library. Include this data:
    • Library or archive name
    • Location of library or archive
    • Call number (bookshelf location)
    • Accession number(as issued by the library or archive)
  • Online; that is, it can be acquired online. Include this data:
    • Url location (add the full address starting with http://)
    • Website owner
    • Digital Object Identifier (DOI); (see Database)
  • Database (ie., downloaded); that is, it can be acquired from a database. Include this data:
    • Database name
    • Database provider
    • Database identifier (i.e., a number associated with the article)
    • Digital Object Identifier (DOI)


Example output when a journal has a volume only (Chicago)

De Benoist, Alain. "The First Federalist: Johannes Althusius." Telos 118 (2000): 25–58.

Example output when a journal has a volume and issue (Chicago)

Bull, George. "What Did Locke Borrow from Hooker?" Thought 7, no. 1 (1932): 122–135.

Example output when a journal volume is a month or season (Chicago)

Brague, Remi. "The Impossibility of a Secular Society." First Things, October 2013, 27–31.



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