Citations are not always the same. It depends on the order they have been added into your document and the style guide that you are using. We have five primary templates:
- First citation: the first time a resource gets cited
- Consecutive citation: with the same pinpoint
- Consecutive citation: with a different pinpoint
- Subsequent citation: with the same pinpoint
- Subsequent citation: with a different pinpoint
Consecutive means that the 'resource' being cited is the same resource as the preceding citation (within the same paragraph).
Subsequent means that the 'resource' being cited is the same resource that has been cited elsewhere in the preceding text (i.e., in another paragraph).
In-text citations can have two different types of formatting:
- Where all the data is contained inside brackets; for example (Glassop, 2002)
- Where the author('s) name is contained within the sentence; for example, Glassop (2002) stated that ...
For each of these approaches, we use the five primary templates.
Footnote or Endnote citations
Footnote and Endnote citations function much the same was, inasmuch as:
- Footnotes appear on the bottom of the page
- Endnotes are listed at the end of the document
For each of these methods, we use the five primary templates. The marker in-text (i.e., the footnote or endnote numbering) is controlled by the 'smart list' in the style guide.
The reference list can have two different types of formatting:
- The first time the resource is cited
- Additional entries from the same author list. When this occurs, some style guide suppresses the author name and replace it with 3 mDash.
Always add the relevant page number(s) when you add a citation
When adding a resource, always include a short title, as this can often be used for the subsequent entry
- Accurate referencing built-in
- Adding a resource
- Adding smart lists > footnotes and endnotes
- Adding smart lists > references
- Identifying the source
- Inserting a citation